This formative study was conducted to describe preliminary results of the alternative agricultural practices advanced by the Korean Natural Farming Association (KNFA). A survey questionnaire and personal interviews were used to collect data from KNFA members. Agricultural production and farm income and labor means were compared to national averages. In terms of net income including family labor, the results of this study favored the KNFA alternative agricultural practices in red pepper production, farrow to finish swine production, and poultry layer production. Only slight differences between KNFA practices and national averages in rice production were observed. The subjective results of the interviews showed that KNFA members had not adopted all of the recommend rice production practices.