This paper applies the methodology and theories of learning of Paulo Freire to the problems of agriculture extension and adult education (especially literacy) in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India. This program is an on-going project. The purpose was to test the hypothesis that Freire's methodology as successfully demonstrated in Brazil, Latin America, Canada, and the United States, could be cross-culturally tested in India, and to assess whether the use of his method could result in improving economic status of so- called "illiterate" poor rural women. The research utilized both quantitative and qualitative data. Pre-test and post-test results and findings revealed that the dialogue method of problem solving and participatory research approach to literacy produces more active involvement of women in a democratic process to demand their rights and raise their voices for a political will to become self-sufficient.