This commentary draws on the insights of two books, one on Pakistan and the other on Mozambique. Both describe contemporary experiences with privatizing extension. In Pakistan the World Bank advised the government to shift from public to private sector extension, but this strategy failed to reach small farmers. In Mozambique the World Bank in association with the Food and Agriculture Organization recommended that the public sector should fund private sector delivery of extension, but officials there have decided to study whether such a strategy will adequately build a national extension system. In considering the findings of these two country case studies, this commentary examines the policy background that led to the trend toward privatization and then reviews the more recent convergence of views on extension reform. It concludes with some general comments.

Keywords: Agricultural Extension, Privatization, Extension Reform, Trade Liberalization, Pakistan, Mozambique


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