This paper argues that only the public sector can effectively and efficiently carry out certain functions and that indeed, only national governments can assume those responsibilities that affect the state as a whole. For example, only governmentsnational governments or state/provincial governments in decentralized countriescan assume responsibility for ensuring that extension services deliver needed public goods. And only governments are well placed to promote increased institutional pluralism in extension service provision and oversee the quality enhancement and assurance necessary for rural development.

Keywords: Public Sector Reform, Private Sector Reform, Role of Government, Institutional Pluralism, Extension, Extension Reform, Rural Development


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