The small farmer in the Dominican Republic experiences economic insecurity anddeteriorating environmental conditions. Utilizing on-farm research, the Association ofCoffee Producers of Los Cacaos and the Center for Planning and Ecumenical Actionimplemented a crop diversification project in the coffee-producing region of Los Cacaos.The purpose of this study was to examine household economic stability upon the introductionof passion fruit (Passiflora spp.), mapuey (Dioscorea cayenensis), and ñame (Dioscorearotundata). The researchers used a mixed methodology approach to identify cash, food,credit, and labor associated with the livelihood system of six households with variedcompositions, and to examine the influence of the traditional agricultural system versus theadoption of alternative crops (passion fruit, mapuey, and ñame) upon simulated models ofthe six households with varied compositions. The data revealed that households withincreased labor displayed higher potential annual year-end cash for discretionary spendingwhile those with minimal labor, specifically female-headed households, did not. Findingssupport the importance of examining household composition when developing and tailoringon-farm trials for low resource farmers.

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