Agricultural extension in the Philippines plays a vital role in technology transfer to improve theproductivity and income of farmers. With 70% of Philippine population living in rural areas, andtwo-thirds of its 76.5 million population relying on agriculture and agriculture-related enterprise,agricultural development is a key factor for economic progress and food security for the country.Given the perennial problem of inefficiency and bureaucracy in implementing government programs,the Philippine Congress passed the Republic Act 7160 otherwise known as Local Government Codeof 1991. This Code mandated the devolution of power, authority, resources, responsibilities, andaccountabilities from the national government to the provincial, city, and municipal governments.Devolution was therefore expected to hasten the delivery of agricultural information and extensionservices to the farmers and other clientele.

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