Agricultural extension education, like other major institutions, is facing one of its most challenging times as it strives to redefine its mission, structure, service delivery methodologies, and its stakeholders, in this most dynamic and turbulent policy and technological environment of the 21st century. Iran’s agricultural extension system epitomizes a benevolent authoritative organization where most of the decision-making and goal setting are done at the top of the organization. This has been having an adverse effect on the extension staffs’ professional satisfaction. However, the organization has a great potential to become a participative management system because the great majority of the professional staffs desire a participatory management. Institutional restructuring is needed to improve the extension organization’s staffs’ professional satisfaction.