The JIAEE is the official refereed publication of the Association for International Agricultural and Extension Education. Its purpose is to enhance the research and knowledge base of agricultural and extension education from an international perspective.

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The JIAEE Managing Board is directed by Dr. Kristina Hains, Executive Editor, Dr. Alexa Lamm, Managing Editor, and Dr. Robert Strong, Past Editor.

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From the Executive Editor

In a song written by the Beach Boys titled “Summer in Paradise,” part of the first verse goes like this:

Paradise is a state of mind
Where mother nature nurtures and man is kind
We need a change now wouldn't it be nice
If we could bring back summer
Get us back our summer
Summer in paradise

 Has the summer already flown by? As I have been compiling our August issue for the JIAEE, it occurred to me that this summer has disappeared faster than any one prior. For those of us who are excited about new beginnings (and who run by the academic semester clock) the event of the fall and ending of summer is a good one. For those of us who look forward to less scheduled meetings, more time to work on personal projects, and extra time spent with kids and family, the end of summer and advent of fall is bittersweet. Regardless, for many of us, we are staring into the beginning of a new year. This allows us to start new projects, begin new collaborations, and brainstorm novel ideas for courses, programming and projects. Let’s see what new ideas can come out of August’s collection of articles.

This issue we have a total of ten articles. We begin with a Research Note focused on appreciative evaluation. This innovative technique builds on an organization’s or community’s strengths rather than their weaknesses, through the lens of evaluation. In this article, extension professionals share how they view the role of this method within their own programming.

Within the Feature Research articles, we have a variety of foci and topics covered. We have two different sets of articles focused in the same geographic area. To begin, two of our articles focus on Haiti – more precisely, both articles provide a specialized focus on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutions. In the first article, the balance of practice and theory within Haitian TVET curricula is investigated. The second article focuses more generally on the current situation of TVET institutions in Haiti and explores the overall purpose of TVETs in the Haitian agricultural system. 

Similarly, we also have two articles focused on Eswatini, Swaziland. The first article focuses on the gap in existing literature regarding Agricultural Education research; through the study, themes and gaps are identified that are salient to future research within Ag Education. In the second article, the focus is the experience of cooperative teachers (CT) during teaching practice supervision in Eswatini. Ultimately, researchers found that rapport played an important role in the cooperating teacher and student teacher relationship, and there was certainly a need for future trainings and incentives for participating cooperating teachers. 

The topics of culture and leadership played an important role within three of our articles. In the first study, researchers explored how an international study abroad experience in South Africa shaped student perceptions of culture, agriculture and science. In a second study, researchers looked at community leadership and women in two villages in Lempira, Honduras. The findings from this research assisted in providing insight into women’s leadership within the local community, and how gender ultimately effects agricultural engagement. Finally, in a study with farmers in Meru County, Kenya, in-group farmers and non-group farmers were compared, looking at the relationship between group membership and the application of best horticultural farming practices (BHFP).

Innovative topics and techniques were the focus of the two final articles in this issue. Entrepreneurial opportunities for Nicaraguan students were explored through the photovoice methodology; this unique method allowed researchers to gain in-depth information from students, where words might have proven difficult. In another innovative article, researchers looked at how to address needs in community development through social impact, and ultimately how to weave this together with existing efforts in economic impact to present a complete picture.

For many of us, the change in the seasons means new beginnings. We are all doing great things in our local communities. We should continue to listen to the Beach Boys in their famous song:

If we all get together we can make things right
And we can bring back summer…

Get us back our summer
Summer in paradise

Continue all of the good work that you are doing in your communities, universities and organizations. We cannot only work together to “make things right,” but as we undertake new projects, it may provide just the spark we need to energize us all into this new season. I encourage you to read the articles cover-to-cover in this August 2019 edition of JIAEE. Who knows, one of these articles may inspire you to start a new project or program that leads you into next summer!

Warm Regards,

Kristina sig

Kristina D. Hains

Executive Editor, JIAEE