The JIAEE is the official refereed publication of the Association for International Agricultural and Extension Education. Its purpose is to enhance the research and knowledge base of agricultural and extension education from an international perspective.

Click Here for JIAEE Special Issue Call


Outstanding Article of the Year



The JIAEE Managing Board is directed by Dr. Kristina Hains, Executive Editor, Dr. Alexa Lamm, Managing Editor, and Dr. Robert Strong, Past Editor.

26.3 Cover


From the Executive Editor

It’s that time of the year again – when everything both speeds up (with all of the holiday celebrations and parties) and slows down (when many of us get a break for a week or two to spend time with family and friends). I love this time of year for both of those reasons. For many of us, after the grind of the last several months, it’s nice to have a little break to relax, revision and adjust.

While I sincerely hope that everyone does take this time to reconnect with family and friends, the break may also give you the time to tuck into a good book – or perhaps even better, to read the latest issue of the JIAEE. In this final issue of 2019, we have ten articles on a variety of intriguing subjects from around the world. Read on to learn more:

We begin with a historical inquiry into the emergence of the commercial agriculture sector and its adoption of protective production technologies (regarding the tomato industry) in Sinaloa, Mexico. Ideally, understanding this phenomenon may help us to better understand how to do economic development within economies in similar contexts, where agriculture is a viable sector. 

Farmers proved to be one audience of interest. Our second article focuses on the intersection of farmer and rural stress and community needs. Through a constant comparative analysis, themes were identified that indicated a need for support, resources and education in rural areas regarding farmer and rural stress. In a separate study, researchers utilized a questionnaire to assess Trinidadian farmers’ preferences for mobile ICTs. Ultimately, this study highlighted the importance of understanding the information needs and preferences of farmers to ensure effective extension service delivery. 

Communication continued to be the theme with another study focused on new Extension agents in Georgia, USA. This study sought to determine how confident new agents were in their ability to effectively communicate within their communities. Using a retrospective survey, results indicated in increase in agents’ perceived ability to effectively communicate in their communities after attending training.

Students and teaching programs are also of interest within several of our studies for this issue. In one study, students in a southern College of Agriculture were surveyed to determine their perceived barriers, benefits and preferences in relation to international programs (IPs). In another study, a backwards design was utilized to explore the employment of Technical, Vocational, Education and Training (TVET) graduates from the Haitian agricultural system. Finally, from a more group-oriented perspective, two researchers sought to analyze the characteristics of the high performing and low performing schools of agriculture in Eswatini, Swaziland.

There are two studies associated with identifying important capacities within different contexts. In one study, a Delphi process was utilized with a panel of 31 experts from 24 different countries. This expert panel identified 51 specific Information and Community Technology (ICT) use capacities associated with effective rural advisory service networks. In another study, agricultural extension practitioners are the context of interest. The primary purpose of this study was to develop recommendations for curriculum revisions at Ministry of Agriculture Training Institutes (MATI) Ilonga to improve its program of study. A panel of eight local and external experts derived 23 competencies from a review of the MATI curriculum and extension literature.

In our final article, urban food production was the context. Semi-structured interviews were utilized to identify the barriers associated with urban food production in Columbus, Ohio, USA. Interestingly, rules and regulations from city ordinances were perceived as the greatest barrier to urban food production.


As we continue in this holiday season and head toward the end of the year, it’s always good to look back on everything that has been accomplished over the past 365 days. Take time to reflect and pat yourself on the back. Every one of you are doing amazing work within your communities, organizations and universities. I am honored to be an educator right alongside each of you in this very important field.

Warm Regards & Happy Holidays,

Kristina sig

Kristina D. Hains

Executive Editor, JIAEE